what is personal injury in law

Personal injury cases (commonly referred to as tort law) involve claims for financial compensation from parties who breached their duty of care, leading directly to harm for which foreseeable compensation must be sought.

Injury claims require two elements to establish causation: showing that their actions caused their injuries directly; and then, showing how those actions have led directly or indirectly caused injuries in them.


Damages awarded in personal injury lawsuits serve to compensate victims for the costs related to an accident, both measurable expenses such as medical bills and lost wages as well as less quantifiable factors like pain and suffering and reduced enjoyment of life.

Personal injury cases often hinge on negligence, with plaintiffs alleging that defendant’s conduct breached their duty to act safely and reasonably, leading directly to an accident that caused injury to another party.

Other types of personal injury claims include strict liability, intentional infliction of emotional distress and product liability. With strict liability claims, defendants can be held liable regardless of their mental state or intentions – regardless of who was at fault in an incident.


An important element in a personal injury suit is causation. To win your damages claim against the defendant, it must be shown that their conduct caused your injuries and losses. Most personal injury claims stem from negligence; in order to win them you must show that they breached a duty of care in some way that caused you harm directly.

As it relates to personal injuries, actual causes are easy to establish: simply demonstrate that they would not have occurred absent the defendant’s actions. Proximate causes, on the other hand, may be more challenging and are assessed depending on whether your injuries were foreseeable. Some personal injury lawsuits based on strict liability may not require proof of negligence – this approach often arises in cases involving defective products.


People injured due to someone else’s negligence can file a civil suit seeking damages. Under law, this requires them to demonstrate that their attacker acted without using reasonable care under similar circumstances.

An injured party must also demonstrate that their injury was caused by negligent acts, and then submit evidence before a court that will help assess and award appropriate compensation.

An experienced personal injury attorney will assemble an impressive amount of information in order to build your case, such as interviewing witnesses and investigating accident scenes before gathering the police report and reviewing medical records to ascertain the severity of injuries sustained by their clients.

Filing a Claim

Plaintiffs involved in personal injury suits usually seek compensation to cover damages sustained, which could include hospital stays, doctor visits, physical therapy costs, pharmaceutical costs and surgeries; as well as loss of wages from not being able to work.

Lawyers can assist in collecting evidence demonstrating causation, fault and liability in cases. They typically interview witnesses, consult accident reconstructionists and collaborate with physicians to document victims’ injuries and losses.

Filing a claim within the statute of limitations is vital; otherwise, your case could be dismissed without further proceedings being undertaken. Therefore, it’s vital that you consult a lawyer as soon as possible about what this deadline entails and that laws differ depending on where you reside – both factors that need to be considered when filing claims can differ wildly from state to state.


Personal injury settlements provide compensation to accident victims injured as a result of another’s negligence, such as medical bills, lost wages and pain and suffering damages. These settlements may cover both financial damages as well as non-financial ones such as medical costs.

Personal injury settlement amounts depend on several factors, including the extent and magnitude of injuries sustained and losses sustained by victims. Experienced attorneys are adept at negotiating payments from insurance providers or medical care providers that increase settlement amounts significantly.

Personal injury settlements typically cover medical expenses and lost wages, with those expenses generally reflecting past costs as well as anticipated future costs. A victim can also seek either a lump sum payment or structured payments.

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